Discusses the role of women in early Islamic periods.
Islam in the Middle Ages
Reveals the shared sacred history of Islam, Judaism, and Christianity, discusses the spread of Islam in the Middle Ages, and explores how the shifting political currents of the time fed into the religion's spread and influence.
Examines the history of Islam, discussing the religion's origins, major divisions, sacred texts, beliefs, traditions, and spread throughout the Western world.
Text and accompanying photographs provide an overview of Islam chronicling the religion's impact historically and in the modern world and discussing its origins, basic beliefs, structure, places of worship, and rites of passage.
The Islamic World
Islamic religious beliefs, definitions of unfamiliar terms used in the articles, sidebars that focus on people, places, and traditions, and cross references to related entries.
Battles of War
Poitiers AD 732
Battle of Poitiers in AD 732: under the leadership of Charles Martel, who defeated a large Islamic army near Tours, France.
The Arab Conquests of the Middle East
Arab conquests of the Middle East and the spread of the Islamic faith.
The Great Arab Conquests
Arab expansion from Spain to Asia by the mid-8th century, describing Arab major battles and the clash between civilizations and religions.
Warriors of God
Account of the Third Crusade (1187-1192), a conflict that would shape world history for centuries.
King Hammurabi of Babylon
Presents an historical account of the famous Babylonian lawgiver, King Hammurabi, who ruled between 1792 and 1750 B.C. through ancient documents and writings and examines his administration, legal code, and conquests.
biography of Muhammad
A biography of eleventh-century Muslim astronomer and scholar Al-Biruni describing his work in mathematics, geography, religion, and the physical sciences.
A short biography of ninth-century Muslim astronomer, mathematician, and geographer al-Khwarizimi, who is credited with developing the basic elements of algebra.